Green exercise

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To do


Mechanisms for exercise effects

  1. Thermogenic changes
  2. Cardiovascular conditioning
  3. Neurobiological (endorphins; norepinephrine)
  4. Distraction
  5. Mastery (self-efficacy)

Green exercise survey

  1. Developing ideas for a general population survey to explore the role of green exercise participation and experiences in people's lives here: discussion questions (Wikiversity).
  2. Could be administered to different populations:
    1. University students
    2. Conference participants
    3. General population (e.g., through online survey)
  3. Could incorporate or possible use aspects of the Sensory Awareness Checklist (Burns).
  4. For more info, see Green exercise - Research and discussion questions (Wikiversity)

Future green exercise research

  1. Larger, more diverse sample
  2. Indoor vs. outdoor exercise
  3. Experimental design
  4. Other psychological outcomes?
  5. Psychological processes?
  6. Long-term effects of sustained green exercise participation?
  7. Qualitative

Future of green exercise

  1. Green prescriptions
  2. Green gyms
  3. Vitamin G


Mackay, G. J. S., & Neill, J. T. (2010). The effect of “green exercise” on state anxiety and the role of exercise duration, intensity, and greenness: A quasi-experimental study. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 11(3), 238-245.

Neill, J. T. (2009). Green exercise: The psychological effects of exercising in nature. Presentation to the Annual Outdoor Recreation Industry Council Conference, August 15-16, Sydney.

Neill, J. T., Mackay, G., Holgate, B., & Rugendyke, A. (2012). The effects of green exercise on stress, anxiety and mood: The role of perceived greenness, exercise cognitions, and connection to nature. Paper to be presented at the 47th Annual Australian Psychological Society Conference, September 27 - September 30, Perth, Australia.

See also

External links

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