Introductory Outdoor Education Articles
26 Oct 2006
Introductory readings which explore the what, whys, wherefores and how tos of outdoor education.
Environmental Education & Training Partnership. Environmental education: Can it be defined?
Ford, P. (1986). Outdoor education: Definition and philosophy. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest, Las Cruces, NM.
Hillbert, H. H., & Grimm, G. O. (1973). An operational definition and description of college outdoor programs. Presented at the Association of College Unions, International Conference. Seminar #27 (a part of the "Move to the Great Outdoors" block). San Francisco, California, March 17-21, 1973.
Itin, C. (n. d.). Definitions of adventure-based practice and related terms.
Kielsmeier, J. (1988). Outdoor Centers and Camps: A 'Natural' Location for Youth Leadership Development. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest, Las Cruces, NM.
Knight, S., & Anderson, D. (2001). Why outdoor adventure? Generation youth issues.
Lund, M. (1997). Outdoor education: From the roots to the new branches. Grant McEwan College, Canada.
McIntyre, N. (1999). Adventure and the outdoors: Lecture notes. University of Waikato, New Zealand.
Missouri Western State College (n.d.) Experiential learning definitions & models.
Neill, J. T. (1996). The elephant in the black box: A parable about outdoor education.
Parkin, D. (1998). Is outdoor education environmental education? Project Nature-Ed, Brassall, Queensland, Australia.
Rocha, A. (2003). Science lessons in the outdoors. Merced Sun Star, February 8.
Rivkin, M. S. (2000). Outdoor experiences for young children. ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools Digest EDO-RC-00-7, Las Cruces, NM.
Watters. R. (1985). Historical perspectives of outdoor and wilderness recreation programming in the United States. Proceedings of the 1984 Conference on Outdoor Recreation: A Landmark Conference in the Outdoor Recreation Field, John C. Miles and Ron Watters (eds), Idaho State University Press, Pocatello, pp. 103-114.
Watters. R. (1987). A model theory of outdoor programming approaches. High-Adventure Outdoor Pursuits: Organization and Leadership, Joel F. Meier, Talmage W. Morash, George E. Welton (eds.), Publishing Horizons, Columbus, OH, pp. 213-225.
Watters, R. (1999). Revisiting the common adventure concept: An annotated review of the literature, misconceptions and contemporary perspectives. Proceedings of the 13th Annual International Conference on Outdoor Recreation and Education. Boulder, Colorado: Association of Outdoor Recreation and Education, 1999. pp 82-94.