Review of Personal Effectiveness and Locus of Control -
A Comprehensive Instrument for Reviewing Life Effectiveness


Garry E. Richards
Louise Ellis
James T. Neill

Paper presented at Self-Concept Research: Driving International Research Agendas, 6-8 August, Sydney, 2002


What makes a person effective in life?  The ROPELOC instrument originally developed by Richards over 10 years and then by Richards and Neill over a further 7 years has been further developed to tap into key actions and behaviours that indicate a person’s effectiveness in a variety of critical areas of life. The new ROPELOC instrument has grown out of testing on over 10,000 training program participants in a wide variety of program types.  The ROPELOC items are grounded in self-perceptions but expressed and interpreted in terms of behaviours.

Other, often popular, measures which purport to measure multiple dimensions, have been found wanting, are insensitive to change, unreliable or have poor psychometrics. The ROPELOC overcomes these shortcomings and provides a short, easily administered useful multidimensional instrument with sound psychometric properties.

The ROPELOC has 14 scales; including personal abilities and beliefs (Self-Confidence, Self-Efficacy, Stress Management, Open Thinking), social abilities (Social Effectiveness, Cooperative Teamwork, Leadership Ability), organisational skills (Time Management, Quality Seeking, Coping with Change) an ‘energy’ scale called Active Involvement and a measure of overall effectiveness in all aspects of life.  In addition, the instrument has an in-built Control Scale that helps to determine whether changes reported in the other scales are due to program effects or simply due to retesting on the same instrument. The two Locus of Control scales measure the tendency to take responsibility for self-actions and successes.

Two different samples of high school students were used to trial the new ROPELOC. The first trial sample (n= 1250) had internal reliabilities (Cronbach alpha) for its 14 subscales of between  .79 and  .93 and an average internal reliability of  .85 and an overall alpha of .96. In the second trial sample ( n= 1475) the internal reliabilities ranged between .71 and .90 ( mean= .83) for younger students aged 11-13 yrs and between .73 and .91 (mean=.84) for older students aged 14-16 yrs.The average inter-scale correlations was .43 (highest correlation = .62) indicating good discrimination between the closely allied dimensions of life effectiveness as measured by the ROPELOC.

In the first trial sample Exploratory Factor Analysis produced average factor loadings ranging from an average of  .65 to an average of  .86 with an overall average of .75. Confirmatory Factor analysis produced a goodness of fit indice (TLI) of .925. A CFA of the second trial sample again demonstrated that the factor structure for the ROPELOC instrument was well defined. The factor loadings in this sample ranged .67 to .90. In addition, the fit indices again reached very acceptable levels (TLI = .94 & GFI = .92). Note: the TLI index for the LOC scales standing alone is .97. 

Related Link

Download Options